Fun & Learning

"In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous ."
— Aristotle

Local Birds of san miguel

A guide to the birds of San Miguel and the surrounding areas.

We would like to acknowledge and thank the following people for compiling this list:
Original List: Wayne and Susan Colony
Updates: Signe Hammer and Norman Besman

HABITAT
F (oak forest)
S (scrub/grassland)
W (wetlands)
C (canyon)
U (urban)

STATUS
Y (year-round)
S (summer)
W (winter)
M (migrant)
V (vagrant)
* (insufficient data)

ABUNDANCE
C (common)
F (fairly common)
U (uncommon)
R (rare)

BIRD SONGS
Resources to help you identify birds by sound:

Bird Sounds.net
Xeno-canto

 

 

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME NOMBRE COMUN
S
A
 GREBES
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus Zambullidor menor
W
Y
C
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Zambullidor picogrueso
W
Y
C
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Zambullidor orejudo
W
Y
U
 PELICANS & CORMORANTS
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Pelicano blanco
W
W
*
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax  brasilianus Cormoran olivacea
W
V
*
BITTERNS, HERONS & EGRETS
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Avetoro norteña
W
*
*
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Garza  morena
W
Y
U
Great Egret Ardea alba Garza blanca
W
Y
C
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Garza pie-dorado
W
Y
C
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Garza ganadera
W
Y
C
Green Heron Butorides virescens Garceta verde
W
Y
F
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Garza tricolor
W
*
*
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Garceta azul
W
*
*
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Pedrete corona-negra
W
Y
C
IBIS & STORKS
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Ibis cara-blanca
W
Y
C
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Cigueña americana
W
V
*
WATERFOWL
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Cerceta alaverde
W
W
C
Mexican Duck (Mallard ssp) Anas platyrhynchos diazi Pato de collar, pato mexicana
W
Y
C
Northern Pintail Anas acuta Pato golondrino
W
W
C
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Cerceta alazul
W
W
C
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Cerceta canela
W
W
C
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Pato cucharon norteña
W
W
C
Gadwall Anas strepera Pato friso
W
W
F
American Wigeon Anas americana Pato chalcuan
W
W
F
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Pato coacoxtle
W
W
U
Redhead Aythya americana Pato de cabeza roja
W
W
U
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Pato pico-anillado
W
W
F
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis Pato boludo-menor
W
W
F
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Pato Monja
W
W
U
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Pato tepalcate
W
Y
C
VULTURES, HAWKS & FALCONS
Turkey Vulture Carthartes aura Zopilote aura
S
Y
C
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Zopilote comun
S
Y
U
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus Milano cola-blanca
S
Y
F
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus Gavilan rastrero
W, S
W
U
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Gavilan pecho-rufo
S
Y
U
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperi Gavilan de Cooper
S
Y
U
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Aguililla cola-roja
S
Y
F
Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway Caracara quebrantahuesos
S
Y
F
American Kestrel Falco sparverius Cernicalo americana
S
W
C
Merlin Falco columbarius Esmerejon
S
W
*
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Halcon peregrino
C
Y
F
NEW WORLD QUAILS
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Cordorniz cotui
S
Y
C
Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezumae Codorniz de Moctezuma
S
Y
R
RAILS
Sora Porzana carolina Polluela sora
W
W
F
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Gallineta frente-roja
W
Y
F
American Coot Fulica americana Gallareta americana
W
Y
C
PLOVERS & SHOREBIRDS
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Chorlo tildio
W
Y
C
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Candelero americano
W
W
C
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana Avoceta americana
W
W
C
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa Jacana norteña
W
M
U
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Patamarilla mayor
W
W
F
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Patamarilla menor
W
W
F
Spotted Sandpiper Actitus macularia Playero alzacolita
W
W
C
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Zarapito ganga
*
M
R
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Playerito occidental
W
W
C
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Playerito chichicuilote
W
W
C
Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Playero de Baird
W
M
R
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Playero zancon
W
W
F
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Costurero pico-largo
W
W
C
Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata Agachona comun
W
W
F
Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Falaropo pico-largo
W
M
F
GULLS & TERNS
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Gaviota reidora
W
W
U
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Gaviota pico anillado
W
W
F
Black Tern Chlidonias niger Charran negro
W
M
R
DOVES
Rock Dove Columba livia Paloma domestica
S, U
Y
C
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Paloma alablanca
S, U
Y
C
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura Paloma huilota
S, U
Y
C
Inca Dove Columbina inca Tortola cola-larga
S, U
Y
C
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Tortola comun
S
Y
F
CUCKOOS
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Cuco piquiamarilla
S
M
*
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus Correcaminos norteño
S
Y
U
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Garrapatero pijuy
S, W
Y
F
OWLS, GOATSUCKERS & SWIFTS
Barn Owl Tyto alba Lechuza de campanario
S, U
Y
C
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus Buho cornudo grande
S
Y
U
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis Chotacabras menor
S
Y
C
White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis Vencejo pecho-blanco
C
W
C
HUMMINGBIRDS
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris Colibri pico-ancho
S, U
Y
C
White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis  leucotis Colibri orejo blanco
S, U
*
*
Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps Colibri corona-violeta
S, U
Y
C
Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae Colibri garganta-azul
S, U
*
*
Rivoli (Magnificent) Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens Colibri magnifico
S, U
*
*
Lucifer Hummingbird Calothorax lucifer Colibri lucifer
S, U
M
U
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilocus colubris Colibri garganta-rubi
S, U
M
U
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilocus alexandri Colibri barba-negra
S, U
M
U
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus Zumbador cola-ancha
S, U
M
U
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Zumbador rufo
S, U
M
F
KINGFISHERS
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Martin-pescador norteña
W
W
F
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana Martin-pescador verde
W
Y
F
WOODPECKERS
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus Carpintero arlequin
F
Y
U
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons Carpintero frente-dorado
S
Y
C
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris Carpintero mexicano
S
Y
F
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Chupasavia de vientre amarillo
S
M
U
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Carpintero de pechera
S
Y
F
FLYCATCHERS
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe Mosquerito Lampino Norteno
S
Y
*
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax Pibi Mayor
S
Y
*
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus Mosquero minimo
S
M
*
Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Mosquero oscuro
S
W
F
Grey Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii Mosquero gris
S
W
F
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons Mosquero pechicanelo
F
Y
*
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans Papamoscas negro
W
Y
C
Say’s Phoebe Sayornis saya Papmoscas llanero
S
W
C
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Mosquero cardenal
S, U
Y
C
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Papamosca cenizo
S
*
*
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus Luis grande
S, U
Y
C
Cassin’s Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans Tirano griton
S, U
Y
C
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Tirano viajero
S
M
R
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae Cabezon degollado
S
M
*
SWALLOWS
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx  serripennis Golondrina aliaserrada
W
S
C
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Golondrina ribereña
W
S
C
Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Golondrina risquera
W
S
C
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Golondrina tijereta
W
S
C
Cave Swallow Hirundo fulva Golondrina pueblera
W
*
*
JAYS & RAVENS
Western (Woodhouse) Scrub Jay Aphelocoma californica Chara azuleja
S
*
*
Grey-breasted (Mexican) Jay Aphelocoma ultramarina Chara pecho-gris
F, S
Y
F
Common Raven Corvus corax Cuervo comun
S
Y
C
Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus Cuervo llanero
C
Y
C
TITS & NUTHATCHES
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps Baloncillo
S
Y
C
Bushtit (black-eared) Psaltriparus minimus Sastrecillo
S
Y
C
White-breasted Nuthatch  Sitta carolinensis Saltapalos pechiblanco
F
Y
F
Bridled Titmouse Parus wollweberi Paro embridado
F, S
Y
C
WRENS
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Matraca de desierto
S
Y
C
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Chivirin saltaroca
C
Y
U
Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus Chivirin barranquero
C, U
Y
C
Bewick’s Wren Thryomanes bewickii Chivirin cola-oscura
S
Y
C
Northern House Wren Troglodytes aedon Chivirin saltapared
S
W
C
Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Chivirin pantanero
W
W
F
KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS & THRUSHES
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula Reyezuelo de rojo
S
W
C
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Perlita azul-gris
S
Y
C
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis Azulejo gorjicanelo
F, S
Y
*
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes ocidentalis Clarin jilguero
F
Y
*
Rufous-backed Robin Turdus rufopalliatus Zorzal dorso-rufo
S, U
Y
C
Clay-colored Robin Turdus grayi Mirlo pardo
S
M
U
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS
Blue Mockingbird Melanotis caerulescens Mulato azul
S
Y
U
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Cenzontle norteño
S
Y
C
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre Cuitlacoche pico-curvo
S
Y
C
Crissals’ Thrasher Toxostoma crissale Cuitlacoche Crisal
S
*
*
PIPITS & WAXWINGS
American Pipit Anthus rubescens Bisbita de agua
W
W
F
Sprague’s Pipit Anthus spragueii Bisbita de Sprague
W
W
*
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Ampelis americano
S, U
M
F
SILKIES & SHRIKES
Grey Silky-Flycatcher Ptilogonys cinereus Capulinero gris
F
Y
U
Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens Capulinero negro
S
Y
C
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus Alcaudon verdugo
S
Y
C
STARLINGS
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris Estornino pinto
S
*
*
VIREOS
Cassin’s Vireo Vireo cassinii Vireo de Cassin
S
M
*
WARBLERS
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata Chipe corona-anaranjada
S
W
*
Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Chipe de coronilla
S
W
F
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia Chipe amarillo
S
M
F
Yellow-rumped (Audubon’s) Warbler Dendroica coronata Chipe coronado
S
W
C
Black-throated Grey Warbler Dendroica nigrescens Chipe negro-gris
S
W
F
Townsend’s Warbler Dendroica townsendi Chipe negro-amarillo
F, S
W
F
Hermit Warbler Dendroica occidentalis Chipe cabeci-amarillo
F
W
*
Black and White Warbler Mniotilta varia Chipe Trepador
F, S
M
F
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Chipe dorado
S
M
*
MacGillivray’s Warbler Oporonis tolmei Chipe de Tolmei
S
W
*
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Mascarita comun
W
Y
U
Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Chipe corona-negra
F, S
W
C
Rufous-capped Warbler Basileuterus rufifrons Chipe gorrirrufo
F
Y
*
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus Chipe alablanca
F
Y
*
Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus Pavito gorjigris
F
Y
*
Yellow-breasted Chat Icterus virens Buscabreña
S
M
*
TANAGERS
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava Tangara encinera
F
Y
*
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Tnagara roja
S
M
*
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Tangara occidental
S
M
F
GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Cardenal rojo
S
Y
F
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus Cardenal de desierto
S
Y
R
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Picogordo tigrillo
S
Y
F
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Picogordo azul
S
Y
C
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea Colorin azul
S
M
*
Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor Colorin morado
S
M
*
TOWHEES & SPARROWS
Spotted Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Toqui pinto, Rascador ojirrojo
F, S
Y
C
Canyon Towhee Pipilo fuscus Toqui pardo, Rascador arroyero
S
Y
C
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus Rascador coliverde
S
M
*
Blue-black Grassquit Volantinia jacarina spendens Semillero brincador
S
*
*
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola Semillero de collar
S
S
F
Botteri’s Sparrow Aimophila botterii Zacatonero de Botteri
S
*
*
Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps Zacatonero corona-rufa
C
*
*
Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina Gorrion ceja-blanca
S
W
C
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Gorrion palido
S
W
C
Brewer’s Sparrow Spizella breweri Gorrion de Brewer
S
W
C
Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis Gorrion barba-negra
S
Y
C
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Gorrion cola-blanca
S
W
F
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Gorrion arlequin
S
W
C
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Gorrion alablanca
S
*
*
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Gorrion cantor
S
*
*
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Gorrion sabanero
S
W
F
Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Gorrion de Lincoln
S
W
F
Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus Junco ojilumbre
F
Y
C
BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS & ORIOLES
Red-winged Blackbird Agelauis phoeniceus Tordo sargento
W
*
*
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Tordo cabeza-amarilla
W
*
*
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Pradero tortilla-con-chili
S
Y
C
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Zanate mexicano
S, U
Y
C
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus Tordo ojo-rojo
S
Y
F
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater Tordo cabeza-café
S
Y
F
Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus Bolsero dorsirrayado
S
M
*
Black-vented Oriole Icterus wagleri Bolsero de Wagler
S
*
*
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus Bolsero encapuchado
S, U
M
U
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula Bolsero de Baltimore
S
M
*
Bullock’s Oriole Icterus bullockii Bolsero calandria
S
M
U
Black-backed Oriole Icterus b. abeillei Bolsero de Abeille
S
Y
C
Scott’s Oriole Icterus parisorum Bolsero tunero
S
Y
C
FINCHES
House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus Pinzon mexicano
S, U
Y
C
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria Jilguero dominico
S
Y
C
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Gorrion casero
S, U
Y
C
Cassin’s Finch Carpodacus cassinii Gorrion de Cassin
S
W
U

 


204 Total Species

 

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